DMCA takedown notices for copyrighted material on the internet are made under penalty of perjury. The filer of the notice must own or control the copyright to the work or risk being charged. Damages accrue only if the work is taken down. See generally, 17 U.S. Code § 512(f). Limitations on liability relating to material online. Also, see Automattic Inc. v. Steiner, the first case to actually award damages for a fraudulent takedown notice.